Happy Valentine’s Day, or What’s in a name?

 Joe Mc Kay’s “Crazy About Words”


….toasting our language since 2003!


Oh, To Be a Sandwich! …or… What Does It Take to Become an

Eponym?


If you were born in July or August by Caesarean section, you

have an eponymous connection… the first and last names of an

early Roman Emperor, Julius or Augustus Caesar.


But, do you ever wish you could be an eponym, with something

named after you…something more enduring than your not-

totally-reliable progeny?


John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, James Brudnell, 7th Earl

of Cardigan, and, no kidding, Joao Marmalado (1450-1510) of

Portugal, are all folks whose names were taken by the items they

originated, which survive centuries later.


Eponyms also attribute to something discovered, like America

(although Vespucci must give indigenous people their due!), something invented, like the derringer (Henry Derringer, American gunsmith), or something inspired, like the axel (Axel

Paulsen, Norwegian figure skater). They surprise us frequently…

we just never think that there might have been a Mr. Doyley, a 17th

century London draper, who inspires the tatting of doilies to this

day!


Some are very subtle, like maudlin, which derives from Mary

Magdalene’s effusive sentimental behavior in the New Testament.

Others are more obvious, like ritzy after Caesar Ritz, Swiss

hotelier. Don Quixote’s tilting against windmills is forever

preserved in the idealistic quixotic.

Eponyms come not only from people’s names, but from the

names of places where things originated like the mazurka,


a dance from Mazury, a region of Poland, and madras, that

wonderful cotton fabric, from a city now renamed Chennia, the 5th

most populous in India. (Back in “the day” I had to have bleeding

madras, whose dyes were not fast, so that it looked different every

time it was washed…cool!)


Writing this column, I have to be careful of something not so cool,

malapropism, after the fictional character, Mrs. Malaprop from

Sheridan’s “Rivals.” She was noted for her blunders in the use of

words.


Two of my personal favorite eponyms come from nineteenth

century circus performers, who died before their time only fifteen

years apart.


Jumbo, whose name is from a Swahili word jumbe

meaning “chief,” was a 6½ ton French Sudanese elephant, born

in 1861. He toured the US and Canada with “The Greatest Show

on Earth,” the Barnum & Bailey Circus, where he was the largest

of its 30 elephants, a big hit with the public, and featured on most

of the Circus’ posters. On the night of 9/15/1885, he was hit and

killed by an express freight train in St. Thomas, Ontario. The

resulting publicity inspired “Jumbo-size” food items like hot dogs

and sausages. The word stuck to describe anything large or huge,

including Boeing’s Jumbo Jets.


Jules Leotard (1842-1870) invented the flying trapeze and

popularized the one-piece gymwear that bears his name. He

joined the Cirque Napoleon, went on to international stardom, and

inspired the 1867 hit song “The Daring Young Man on the Flying

Trapeze.” Although he sprained his ankle in a bad fall in Boston,

he died in Spain of smallpox.


So now you have some idea of what it takes to achieve eponymous

immortality. Remember… that favorite lunch food, the ham


sandwich could just as easily have been called a ham sullivan,

or a ham smith. If your name is John, you don’t have to

bother…you’re already a famous necessity.


And if you want the easy way to eponymic status, simply be my

Valentine!

________________________________________________


Please feel free to share this column with others who may

enjoy it, or give me their e-mail addresses to receive it directly.


Comments, suggestions, & questions welcomed to

crazyaboutwords@gmail.com